Besat Emami; Farzad Taghizadeh; Elnaz Neinavaz
Department of Environment and Energy, Science and Research Branch,
Islamic Azad University, Tehran Iran
Corresponding author: Farzad Taghizadeh
Like any other engineering projects, industrial unit site selection requires basic data and careful planning whereas; lack of comprehensive attention to this case causes deterioration of life quality, environmental degradation, destruction of natural resources, reduction of habitat areas and so on. Therefore, it is necessary to determine the suitability of land for implementation of industrial units to establish balance in ecosystems; natural and human environment, preservation and development of natural resources as well as coordination of development processes with environmental features. Considering a large volume of data and information layers required, without application of Geographic Information System, determination of areas owing suitability for industrial development is very time consuming and difficult. Selection of multiple factors is led to multiple information layers, thereby, efforts to find suitable solutions to analyze such a large number of layers as well as obtaining the correct result, lead decision makers towards application of a system enjoyed speed and ease of operation, besides the high accuracy. Study ahead aims at site selection of industrial development for establishment of coke making plant, using one of the relatively new compensatory decision-making methods; spatial analytical hierarchy process (S-AHP). The obtained results suggested that the application of compensatory methods along with eliminating criteria can be considered an appropriate powerful tool in decision making offered more accurate results in scientific and practical terms.
Keywords: Eliminating Methods; Spatial Analytical Hierarchy Process; Industrial Development; Site Selection.