Studying Ten Principles of the Wholeness Theory established by Christopher Alexander in Jamshidieh Park Design in Tehran, Iran

Aida Jadidi
Department of Landscape Architecture,
University Putra Malaysia
aida.jadidiomani@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT
Growth of population in cities in the past 40 years has resulted in growth of residential areas, however, little room have been allocated to open spaces and nature (Giulio, Holderegger & Tobias, 2009). In the last decade of the 20th century, the public attention towards parks, green spaces and their design as means of preserving nature and bringing liveability to urban environments have increased (Özgüner & Kendle, 2006; Salazar & Menéndez, 2007). Jamshidieh Park, an urban park with strong natural features located in Tehran-Iran, has lost the aforementioned goal (Pasban Hazrat, 2009). This research will introduce ten principles presented by Christopher Alexander (2002a) in the “wholeness theory”. It will try to reach a new method for studying the reasons for the failure of the expected goals of the Jamshidieh Park. By doing a case study, this researcher has used variety of qualitative methods. The results indicate that only some of the principles were found in the design process of Jamshidieh Park. The findings show how these principles can be incorporated in the design process of urban parks. Further, the methodology used in this research can be applied in future studies of urban park design to gauge usefulness.
Keywords: Design, Living Structures, Liveability, Urban Park, Wholeness Theory, Christopher Alexander

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