College of Regional Development Prague, Czech Republic
The article analyses the spatial structures of a present-day (Central) European town. Based on the research of professional literature it defines nine basic types, which are further characterised and systemised. The six key types of the spatial structures are then studied from the point of view of their economic demands regarding construction and maintenance. The acquired data are subsequently compared taking into account various aspects and, in addition, the demands on construction and maintenance are examined. The article also deals with the analysis of the infrastructure needs of suburban areas and the evaluation of their economic demands. Another analysis focuses on the new transport and technical infrastructure construction requirements in selected suburban areas in the Czech Republic. Subsequently, an analysis of the outlays regarding the building and operation of infrastructure is presented. The closing part is formed by a comparison of the outlays regarding the building and operation of infrastructure in suburban areas and traditional urban structures.
Keywords: spatial structure, sustainability, technical infrastructure, transportation infrastructure, economical analysis, economical sustainability, expenditures.